2022 Latin America Barometer Recommendations

Governments of Latin American cocoa producing countries should

  • implement obligations for companies concerning human rights due diligence in their respective legislation;
  • enforce the application of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (EscazĂș Agreement) in all its dimensions;
  • actively participate in sectorial dialogue initiatives;
  • support farmers to increase their income via training measures and a supportive environment (access to inputs, credit facilities, etc.);
  • support farmers to use cocoa as a tool to reforest deforested areas;
  • protect remaining forests against the encroachment of small-scale farmers or the ambitions of large-scale investors who want to set up cocoa plantations,
  • make the publication of data on projects collected by companies, NGOs and researchers mandatory and use the collected information is to support farmers;
  • collaborate to collectively work for a higher cocoa price which allows a living income for cocoa farmers in the living wage for workers in cocoa plantations.

Companies in the cocoa and chocolate sector should

  • sign a statement at board level to commit themselves to implement human rights due diligence processes, as recommended by the UNDPs;
  • make their sourcing fully transparent to farm level as this is a precondition to detect human rights violations and illegal deforestation;
  • analyse the risk of human rights violations in their value chains;
  • ensure reparations to victims of detected past or present human rights violations;
  • calculate prices which are necessary for cocoa farmers to achieve living income and to pay a living wage to workers;
  • permit the creation of independent worker unions within plantations and companies;
  • use transparency to avoid buying cocoa from recently deforested areas;
  • engage/support farmers in the voluntary market of payment for environmental services, mainly carbon sequestration to avoid land use change.
  • cooperate with local human rights organisations and independent and autonomous human rights institutions;
  • encourage and support the creation of collective organizations of rural producers;